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Jones, Peter
2019-06-14T12:51:45Z
2019-06-14T12:51:45Z
2016
https://lib.traffic-ing.ru/handle/123456789/143
The CREATE project is concerned with transport policies and travel patterns in cities, and how these have evolved over time in response to changing circumstances and priorities. It is one of several projects that have been funded through the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme, under the topic ‘Tacking urban road congestion’. In particular, CREATE explores how cities have responded to the challenges of growing car ownership and use, and the associated increases in traffic congestion. Initially by accommodating this growth through providing increased road capacity, and more recently by reducing reliance on the private car for day-to-day mobility and so containing levels of congestion and ensuring that this affects a decreasing proportion of daily travel. The project is based around four core propositions: 1. The way in which the “congestion” debate is framed in a city reflects the perceived role of the urban transport systems and how performance is measured: as policy priorities change, so do the appropriate metrics for measuring ‘success’. 2. The existence of a 3-stage “Transport Policy Evolution Cycle” spread over 50+ years, which gradually shifts the policy emphasis and investment priorities from catering for road traffic growth through extensive road building and increased parking provision (‘Stage 1’), through switching the focus to providing high quality public transport to facilitate person movement (‘Stage 2’), to a priority on reducing road traffic and building a liveable and healthy city, through developing streets as ‘Places’ (‘Stage 3’). 3. The examination of future mobility options, given the anticipated rapidly growing urban populations (and hence a mobility ‘densification’) in many larger cities, that will require new policy measures – aided by advances in technology - which can achieve congestion reduction, promote sustainable mobility, while meeting wider policy goals. 4. Promoting the “policy transfer” of understanding gained from investigating the above propositions in several Western European ‘Stage 3’ cities, to ‘Stage 1’ cities which are coping with rapid growth in car ownership and currently under pressure to promote ‘pro-car’ policies. The aim is to provide them with insights into how to short-circuit or speed up the 3-stage historical “Transport Policy Evolution Cycle” that Stage 3 cities have evolved through. To assist in this analysis, the CREATE consortium includes five Western European ‘Stage 3’ cities (Berlin, Copenhagen, London, Paris and Vienna) and five Eastern European/Euro-Med ‘Stage 1’ cities (Adana, Amman, Bucharest, Skopje and Tallinn).ru_RU
enru_RU
CIVITASru_RU
Автобус (Bus)ru_RU
Велодвижение (Cycling)ru_RU
Дороги (Roads)ru_RU
Легковой автомобиль (Car)ru_RU
Мобильность (Mobility)ru_RU
Пешеход (Pedestrian)ru_RU
Улично-дорожная сеть (Road network)ru_RU
Urban Congestion and Network Operation: Towards a Broader Set of Metrics for Assessing Performance (карточка)
CREATE: Congestion Reduction in Europe - Advancing Transport Efficiencyru_RU
Транспортные потокиru_RU
Город или другой населенный пунктru_RU
Городской транспортru_RU
Автотранспортru_RU
Велодвижениеru_RU
Научные публикации, отчеты о НИРru_RU


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